Doctors employ an endovascular coiling procedure to block blood flow into an aneurysm. A weak spot in the artery’s wall is what causes an aneurysm. A ruptured aneurysm can result in life-threatening bleeding and brain damage if it is not treated quickly. An aneurysm is less likely to rupture if blood is prevented from flowing into it.

A catheter, a long, thin tube, is introduced into a pelvic artery for endovascular coil embolization. Using a catheter, an implanted coil is placed in the afflicted cerebral artery. The catheter is guided into the artery with the use of X-rays. Spring-like platinum metal coils are used in the device, which is powered by an external battery. Small and thin, these coils range in size from about twice the breadth of a human hair to less than one hair’s width.

Who needs an endovascular coiling?

There are a wide variety of people who can benefit from endovascular coiling. Whether the aneurysm is still intact or has ruptured, this operation can be performed. Patients in their forties and fifties, as well as those in their eighties and nineties, may be good candidates.

The size and shape of the aneurysm, the location of the aneurysm, and the patient’s age and other medical conditions all play a role in determining whether a patient is a candidate for endovascular coiling or open surgery. Patients who aren’t in good enough health to undergo major brain surgery may benefit from this treatment rather than open surgery. Reach out to a Endovascular coiling treatment in Coimbatore in case you are suffering from brain aneurysm. 

Why is endovascular coiling performed?

A balloon or pouch can form when an artery’s wall weakens, causing an aneurysm. A portion of the pouch’s wall is significantly thinner than that of the remainder of the artery, putting it at risk of rupture. A saccular aneurysm, or berry aneurysm, is the name given to this type of aneurysm because of its appearance. If the aneurysm ruptures, there is a risk of brain bleeding. In addition to the lateral aneurysm, which occurs when a bulge forms on one side of the artery, there is the fusiform aneurysm, in which the entire artery expands. The exact cause of aneurysms remains a mystery. It’s possible that aneurysms run in families, but they can also be caused by something that happened in the womb. Polycystic kidney disease, various connective tissue disorders, and vascular abnormalities all have the potential to weaken arterial walls and cause aneurysms. Aneurysms can also be caused by trauma, excessive blood pressure, or drug usage. An aneurysm can grow if an infection develops in the artery’s wall.

How is endovascular coiling procedure performed?

Using the original catheter as a guide, a microcatheter is introduced into the body. The microcatheter is connected to the coil. Electrodes are utilized to remove the coil from the catheter once the microcatheter has reached and inserted into the aneurysm. The aneurysm’s entrance is sealed closed by the coil. The coil is inserted into the aneurysm and left there permanently. If the aneurysm is large enough, more than one coil may be required to entirely seal it off. Consult the best endovascular coiling surgery in Coimbatore to get advanced treatment for brain aneurysm. The platinum metal coils utilized in this treatment are supple and spring-like in shape. A human hair is nearly twice as wide as one of these coils, and they can be as little as one hair’s breadth in diameter (smallest). To help in this process, fluoroscopy (a specific sort of x-ray, like an x-ray “movie”) is used. Using a thin wire inside the catheter, which is put into an artery in the patient’s pelvis, the catheter is steered to the aneurysm. To locate the aneurysm in the brain, fluoroscopy is used by the clinician.

Signs that may indicate a need an endovascular coiling:

An aneurysm rupture is characterized by a sudden, intense headache. Often referred to as the “worst headache” ever, this headache is a common occurrence.

Symptoms of a ruptured aneurysm include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • stiff neck
  • Vision that is blurry or doubled
  • Light sensitivity
  • Seizure
  • Lowering your gaze due to an atrophied eyelid
  • Consciousness is lost.
  • Confusion

What is involved in the recovery after Brain aneurysm embolization?

The brain aneurysm embolization recovery depends on a number of factors, including the location of the aneurysm, whether it ruptured, and the patient’s age. For patients with unruptured aneurysms, the recovery time after endovascular coiling can be as short as a month; for others, it can take anywhere from 3 to 6 months to return to baseline. Recovery from an aneurysm rupture can take weeks or months, and depending on where the aneurysm ruptures in the brain, permanent brain damage may result.

What happens after the endovascular procedure?

After the procedure, you can be observed in the recovery room or in the intensive care unit (ICU) after you’ve been discharged from the operating room. If the coiling surgery was performed as a result of a ruptured aneurysm, you will most likely be sent to the intensive care unit after the procedure.

If the coiling surgery was performed on an unruptured aneurysm and your condition is otherwise stable, it is possible that you will be discharged from the hospital one or two days after the treatment. Reach out to the Interventional Radiologist in Coimbatore in case you are looking for treatment for a brain aneurysm.

After the treatment, you will have to lie completely still in bed for somewhere between 12 and 24 hours. Your vital signs and the signs of your nervous system, as well as the site of the insertion, as well as circulation and sensation in the affected leg, will be monitored by a nurse.

You can be given pain medication if you experience pain or discomfort as a result of the operation itself or because you have to lie motionless and flat for an extended period of time.

After the operation, you should feel comfortable returning to your regular diet, unless your doctor specifically instructs you differently.

If your healthcare physician does not advise differently, you should be allowed to return home once you have reached a state of full recovery. After having a ruptured aneurysm repaired, you might be required to spend some time in a rehabilitation center after the procedure. This is done to assist you in recovering from the harm that the ruptured aneurysm caused. Reach out to an endovascular coiling hospital in Coimbatore for the best aneurysm treatment.

Stent-assisted coiling is a safe procedure for treating unruptured wide-necked aneurysms in the endovascular armamentarium, with a low risk of complications, stent-stenosis, and recanalization. Stent-assisted coiling is one of the endovascular armamentarium’s treatment options.